The Russian Federation, which was established after the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, found itself in a multi-polar international system and tried to secure itself in its immediate surroundings and eliminate the economic burdens of the USSR, which it bears its legacy. Here, first of all, the Primakov Doctrine, which was put into practice within the framework of the “Eurasian” understanding during the period of Boris Yeltsin, who was the first president of the Russian Federation, and named after the foreign minister of the period, will be pointed out. The Near Abroad Doctrine followed by the Russian Federation towards the Commonwealth of Independent States in the former Soviet geography will also be briefly mentioned.
Khojaly Massacre, Azerbaijan, the brother country of Turkey, that has hosted many empires in the South Caucasus region since ancient times..
Russia is a federation with 83 administrative units, consisting of 21 Republics, 9 states, 46 regions, 2 cities with federal status, and 5 autonomous regions, governed by a presidential system, with their own constitutions and legislative and executive organs.
For a country which is bounded by three seas on its Northern, Western and Southern borders, Turkey has made a lot of investment in the last decade to advance its naval power with the purpose of ensuring full independent foreign policy.
It is a fundamental duty for the Turkish Naval Forces to defend the homeland against probable maritime threats.
The trigger led to gain speed of International Relations became the 9/11 attacks undertaken by Al-Qaida in 2001. With the son Bush’s administration the United States has changed her security perceptions in her foreign affairs policies by putting the security precautions forward…
Turkish Defense Industry is a sector that the most invested in R&D and technology with product and technology development expenditure. I would like to tell you, our esteemed followers, about the breakthroughs and efforts of the Turkish Land Defense Industry Systems with a few examples.
Turkey has always tried to keep her balance policy and the lands that Turkey settled down helped her in this case. Thanks to its strong state tradition most of the time we see this policy’s success. Turkey as a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation member tried to apply her Foreign Policies on behalf of her official allies. Thanks to the collapse of the Soviet Union, Soviet threats went away and Turkey found more places to move in easily from Balkans and Caucasia to Central Asia. By the governance of many parties especially in the Post Cold War Era between the years of 1991 and 2002, Turkey had a lot of new perceptions in terms of her Foreign Policy. All in all, in this paper, I tried to emphasize both Turkish internal and external structures related to her Foreign Affairs approaches.
In these recent years, the Turkish Defence Industry’s development and its exportation rates gain big momentum. Efforts to build up Turkey’s defense industry date back to the 1970s. With Cyprus Crisis and embargoes of Washington made an urgent wake-up call for Turkey to produce its defense technology. Because before the crisis Turkey was relying on NATO and other countries for a long time.
2 weeks ago, all the world celebrated 8 March International Women’s Day. So what has changed in terms of women’s rights and social life from past to present? What are the positions of women in the world? In the Ottoman Empire, because of religion and customs, women were always put on the back burner. To give an example, women had not equal property rights with men and in courts…
“We live in a beautiful world.” Most of us must be familiar with this phrase. Maybe we heard it from a song, or maybe it was a quote from one of the books we read before. Yes, it’s true, we really are living in a beautiful world. But how long? How long our planet will […]