In the 21st century, States are not the only entity as a securitizing actor in the macro perspective but also international organizations act as securitizing actors against the possible threat in the securitization process. At this point, the European Union(EU) is one of the entities that we can approach as a securitizing actor thanks to its capabilities on representing the member states and acting as one country in the international order thanks to its legislative organs. Besides, accepting an issue as a threat by the legislative body or a related organ of an association does not only affect one state but affects all member states. This means the maximization of the securitizing process by including more countries to take action against the threat. In this way, the threat can be adopted by not just people of a single state but by all people of the related association. Hereby securitizing actors can take extraordinary precautions to reduce the possible harm.
The Ottoman Empire whose power already declined with the First World War, officially ended in 1922 when the title of the Ottoman Sultan was eliminated. After this, in 1923, Turkey was declared as Republic. With the declaration of the Republic, discussions about whether Turkey is a continuation of the Ottoman Empire or not start to take place.
The Bosphorus is one of the busiest maritime passages in the world. With nearly 53,000 vessels passing through in 2017 compared to around 12,000 ships that transited the Panama Canal, and 17,000 for the Suez Canal. Parallel to the Bosphorus strait, the Turkish government is planning to build ‘Canal Istanbul’. Canal Istanbul will connect the Black […]
Brexit is a short word for “British exit” and simply refers to United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union. The United Kingdom joined the European Union (as it then was EEC-European Economic Community) in 1973 after having many doubts during the membership process. Actually, the United Kingdom was never truly a part of the European Union.
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