The year 1968 is one of the important years that have left their mark on history. Student movements that took place almost all over the world at that time were only one of the reasons that made this period important. For example, ‘The 68 Generation’ in Turkey and ‘May 68 Events’ in France are some of them. The important event which will be discussed in this research article is the “Prague Spring”, which took place in 1968, in Czechoslovakia, where the understanding of “friendly socialism” was tried to be adopted.
There has been a decennial dispute between Chile and the Mapuche State especially since the 19th Century. The history of the Mapuche dates back to BC and is a fairly well-established community that fought in the name of independence. The Mapuches, who resisted the occupation during the years when the Spanish state had large colonies, achieved their independence in 1818. They lost their independence when the Chilean state invaded their territory in the 1880s.
The people of Germany went to the polls on September 26, 2021, to determine the 20th Bundestag. Voters in Berlin, the capital of Germany, went to the polling station early in the morning to cast their votes.
Turkey, which had not entered the heat of the Second World War, was also in a great economic depression like most countries. One of the official measures taken to prevent this situation is the National Protection Law. This law can be counted as the law that gave the most power to the government during the war. Before 1939, government had a report called ‘Defense Economy’ prepared.
Today, one of the important issues for many countries of the world is migration. Driving factors such as poverty, conflict, war, and attractive factors such as living opportunities in developed regions, education, health, and jobs cause thousands of people to move within and between countries every year. However, this mobility can lead to serious effects and problems in political, social, cultural, ethnic, and religious areas.
Gender equality remains a major problem across the centuries. Even though the fight against this problem has evolved significantly across the globe. Even in the 21st century, this gender inequality persists globally in the Middle East, where this inequality rate is higher, problems such as domestic violence, unequal sharing of housework, and sexual violence already exist, and the pandemic has increased this even more. Within the scope of this study, the position and place of women in the region have been examined.
Eastern Europe has conducted an economically and politically communist program under the hegemony of the USSR since World War II.
Brazil can be seen a country which have a political system that is Democratic compared to most Latin American countries and where its elections are based on competition. But the presidential election in Brazil, especially in 2018, has been controversial. With the right-wing government, many of the hoped-for things in the country have unfortunately not materialized. The country’s economic crisis is still ongoing and many human rights violations are taking place. Therefore, the throne of President Jair Bolsonaro, who leads in the 2018 elections, is also likely to swing in next year’s presidential elections. The president therefore has many concerns for his future.
In line with the agreement signed between the USA and the Taliban in February 2020, the process of withdrawing international forces from Afghanistan began this year. While it was agreed in the agreement that the Taliban would not attack foreign forces, no provision was made regarding the actions of Afghan security forces.
The Village Institutes project is one of the greatest pioneers of enlightenment both in the social and educational fields in the republican period.