CHILE-MAPUCHE ISSUES AND DECLARATION OF STATE OF EMERGENCY

There has been a decennial dispute between Chile and the Mapuche State especially since the 19th Century. The history of the Mapuche dates back to BC and is a fairly well-established community that fought in the name of independence. The Mapuches, who resisted the occupation during the years when the Spanish state had large colonies, achieved their independence in 1818. They lost their independence when the Chilean state invaded their territory in the 1880s.

FUTURE OF BOLSONARO ADMINISTRATION IN BRAZIL

Brazil can be seen a country which have a political system that is Democratic compared to most Latin American countries and where its elections are based on competition. But the presidential election in Brazil, especially in 2018, has been controversial. With the right-wing government, many of the hoped-for things in the country have unfortunately not materialized. The country’s economic crisis is still ongoing and many human rights violations are taking place. Therefore, the throne of President Jair Bolsonaro, who leads in the 2018 elections, is also likely to swing in next year’s presidential elections. The president therefore has many concerns for his future.

PROTESTS NOT SEEN FOR YEARS IN CUBA

Cuba has been ruled by the Communist Party (Partida Comunista Cubano-PCC) for years, and anti-government protests in the country have not been seen in decades. The PCC imposes severe penalties on anti-government movements. It is, therefore, possible to say that there are serious reasons behind the protests that occurred in July 2021 in the island, a country of 11 million people. The pandemic, economic crisis, restriction of social media, and the ban on internet access are among these reasons. (BBC, 2021)

NEW EPISODE IN WORLD POLITICS: THE LONGER TELEGRAM

There has been an important development that has attracted the attention of international relations researchers. George Kennan wrote an 8,000-word report, The Long Telegram, which he sent to the US Department of State in 1946, addressing the alarming behavior of the USSR administration. The version of this report written against China was published by the famous research organization Atlantic Council.

HOW TO ACHIEVE DEMOCRACY IN THE BACKYARD OF THE USA?

In the period between the early 1960s and the end of the 1980s, the strategic convergence required by the cold war for both the USA and the Western world and the Soviets played a leading role in the development of the underdeveloped countries and especially the newly independent countries. For the Western world, preventing the global spread of Soviet influence was of utmost importance, as the underdeveloped countries did not shift to socialism.

ANTI-GOVERNMENT PROTESTS IN CHILE

Chile is considered the most democratic and stable country among Latin American countries. According to Freedom House’s 2021 reports, the country’s assessment score for political rights and civil liberties is 93 out of hundred. (Freedom House, 2020) Given this report, it can be said that the country has a very bright image in the name of democracy and political stability. However, is this the case for Chile?

SAUDI ARABIA – US RELATIONS ON THE AXIS OF THE JAMAL KHASHOGGI CASE

The killing and death pattern of Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which had a substantial regional and global explosion in October 2018, is still seen as an unfortunate case whose impact can always be felt today. The fact that the assassination’s clarification corresponded to a long period also affected the actors’ relations at the same rate. In this context, the USA and Saudi Arabia relations will be analyzed from the perspective of the Khashoggi assassination from the incident’s occurrence to the present.

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