Moody’s, which is an International Credit Rating Agency, decreased the Credit Rating of Turkey from B1 level to B2 level. This grade is 5 notches below the investment grade. The Republic of Turkey didn’t fall at this level even during the largest economic crisis of her history in 2001. There are countries such as Uganda, […]
Turkey, who declared PKK as a terrorist organization, considers PYD as the continuation of PKK in Syria. In other words, they declared PYD as a terrorist organization as well. This situation, however, is not the case for the USA and other Western countries. Since 1970, in each year the US declares their Foreign Terrorist Organizations list, where PKK became part of it in 1989. As for the PYD, the US government didn’t include it on their list and this means that they don’t consider this as a terrorist organization. On the contrary, they are treating them like freedom fighters, proving them military equipment, health aid, and using them as a means for their own goals in Syria.
The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.
Upon the Operation Spring Shield launched by Turkey on February 27th, Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) has excelled at the coordination of manned and unmanned system in the field, resulting in a high-level operational success.
Autonomous systems are an integral part of warfare and used for multiple roles during or prior to an operation. An autonomous aerial vehicle is capable of collecting intelligence, surveillance, or reconnaissance. Even opted by non- state actors, UAVs have been presumed to lack the tenacity humans possess. Unreliable as UAVs are said to be, there have hitherto been a variety of trials to make them a platform that can match with humans, reaping the fruits of AI-powered systems in order to lower the burden and risks of using humans in the field.
Idlib region and its position for Turkey is very important. In order to understand this topic, first, we should learn some terms. To begin with, what is security?
“Greece’s main objective of cooperation with us was to use us against Turkey. ”
Abdullah Öcalan (Leader of the PKK terrorist organization)
For a country which is bounded by three seas on its Northern, Western and Southern borders, Turkey has made a lot of investment in the last decade to advance its naval power with the purpose of ensuring full independent foreign policy.
It is a fundamental duty for the Turkish Naval Forces to defend the homeland against probable maritime threats.
During the 20th century, the idea of states and their organizing type were shaping within the ideology. With this, the institutions of states are the political threats against them together. Especially the liberal, democratic, fascist and, political ideas contract each other, and each one was a threat against each other. Especially in the Cold War Era, cultivating is one of the biggest results of these security issues. In this study, the effects of the measures taken by a state against this security threat to the world will be examined.
The trigger led to gain speed of International Relations became the 9/11 attacks undertaken by Al-Qaida in 2001. With the son Bush’s administration the United States has changed her security perceptions in her foreign affairs policies by putting the security precautions forward…