Chinese history is quite ancient. The first known dynasties are the Shang and Shia dynasties that ruled between BC 1450-1050.
The United States of America has been a melting pot for various diaspora communities with diverse ethnicities and cultures. In particular, owing to geographic proximity, many people from different Latin American countries that possess political and economic reasons to leave their homeland have migrated continuously and settled in the United States, their new host state, […]
On the afternoon of February 11, the Tehran Radio made a historic statement: “This is the voice of Iran, the voice of true Iran, the voice of the Islamic Revolution.” The loud voices of millions of Iranians silenced the 53-year-old dynasty and the 2,500-year-old monarchy. Their revolution became a watershed event that heralded the return […]
Arabic became the language of Islam when the Quran was revealed in it in the year 610. The Quran`s first audience were Arabs from Mecca and the first Muslims were mostly Arabic-speaking…Turkish itself also became a literary language with time after Arabic and Persian.
Historically, the Turkish foreign policy strategy is comprised of two different stages. Before evaluating these stages, there is a need to identify the objective of the newly formed Turkish government in the 1920s. The main objective of the Turkish government was to attain international recognition so as to be accepted as an equal member of […]
Moody’s, which is an International Credit Rating Agency, decreased the Credit Rating of Turkey from B1 level to B2 level. This grade is 5 notches below the investment grade. The Republic of Turkey didn’t fall at this level even during the largest economic crisis of her history in 2001. There are countries such as Uganda, […]
Back in 2012 when Gangnam Style by PSY first made a big splash, it was when the Hallyu – the Korean Wave – hit the Western world. Some may argue over the nature of its viral popularity (bordering on notoriety) in Internet meme culture than pop music. But the undisputed fact remains – it gave […]
Turkey, who declared PKK as a terrorist organization, considers PYD as the continuation of PKK in Syria. In other words, they declared PYD as a terrorist organization as well. This situation, however, is not the case for the USA and other Western countries. Since 1970, in each year the US declares their Foreign Terrorist Organizations list, where PKK became part of it in 1989. As for the PYD, the US government didn’t include it on their list and this means that they don’t consider this as a terrorist organization. On the contrary, they are treating them like freedom fighters, proving them military equipment, health aid, and using them as a means for their own goals in Syria.
The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.
When we look at the relation between French Foreign Legions and the national interests of France abroad from the securitization perspective, we may clearly understand why France established the French Foreign Legion and why does France recruit from different nations and what does France do abroad. The first and basic answer to these questions is security.