The concept of identity is defined as the distinctive character or property of a person or object. Urban identity is that the city reflects its distinctive characters and differences, in other words, a set of meanings, that depend on the history formed in a city by urban inhabitants. At this point, it is important to […]
The word citizen was used, as someone who lives in a particular city in this assignment. (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English) Do you think that individuals living in cities can be considered citizens? The phenomenon of the city is a dynamic concept that has a different meaning in every period of history. Cities are defined […]
Historically, the Turkish foreign policy strategy is comprised of two different stages. Before evaluating these stages, there is a need to identify the objective of the newly formed Turkish government in the 1920s. The main objective of the Turkish government was to attain international recognition so as to be accepted as an equal member of […]
Climate change is increased its speed day by day. States are tried to take steps against climate change but it is obvious that these measures are not enough for saving the world. However, it should be not forgotten that animals are more affected by climate change than people. While living spaces are restricted because of […]
Turkey, who declared PKK as a terrorist organization, considers PYD as the continuation of PKK in Syria. In other words, they declared PYD as a terrorist organization as well. This situation, however, is not the case for the USA and other Western countries. Since 1970, in each year the US declares their Foreign Terrorist Organizations list, where PKK became part of it in 1989. As for the PYD, the US government didn’t include it on their list and this means that they don’t consider this as a terrorist organization. On the contrary, they are treating them like freedom fighters, proving them military equipment, health aid, and using them as a means for their own goals in Syria.
The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.
Upon the Operation Spring Shield launched by Turkey on February 27th, Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) has excelled at the coordination of manned and unmanned system in the field, resulting in a high-level operational success.
“Greece’s main objective of cooperation with us was to use us against Turkey. ”
Abdullah Öcalan (Leader of the PKK terrorist organization)
The trigger led to gain speed of International Relations became the 9/11 attacks undertaken by Al-Qaida in 2001. With the son Bush’s administration the United States has changed her security perceptions in her foreign affairs policies by putting the security precautions forward…