EUROPEAN UNION AND SECURITY

In the 21st century, States are not the only entity as a securitizing actor in the macro perspective but also international organizations act as securitizing actors against the possible threat in the securitization process. At this point, the European Union(EU) is one of the entities that we can approach as a securitizing actor thanks to its capabilities on representing the member states and acting as one country in the international order thanks to its legislative organs. Besides, accepting an issue as a threat by the legislative body or a related organ of an association does not only affect one state but affects all member states. This means the maximization of the securitizing process by including more countries to take action against the threat. In this way, the threat can be adopted by not just people of a single state but by all people of the related association. Hereby securitizing actors can take extraordinary precautions to reduce the possible harm.

THE PARADOX OF PEACE & SECURITY

Today there are many global security problems in the world related to different fields like public health, economy, politics, religion etc. and all states have their national security policies in order to provide security inside their borders. According to the securitization theory, these national security policies of states are not naturally given but carefully designed by politicians. And political issues are constituted by a ‘securitizing actor’ as extremely dangerous, menacing, threatening, and alarming problems to be immediately dealt with.

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