The Russian Federation, which was established after the dissolution of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, found itself in a multi-polar international system and tried to secure itself in its immediate surroundings and eliminate the economic burdens of the USSR, which it bears its legacy. Here, first of all, the Primakov Doctrine, which was put into practice within the framework of the “Eurasian” understanding during the period of Boris Yeltsin, who was the first president of the Russian Federation, and named after the foreign minister of the period, will be pointed out. The Near Abroad Doctrine followed by the Russian Federation towards the Commonwealth of Independent States in the former Soviet geography will also be briefly mentioned.
When we look at the relation between French Foreign Legions and the national interests of France abroad from the securitization perspective, we may clearly understand why France established the French Foreign Legion and why does France recruit from different nations and what does France do abroad. The first and basic answer to these questions is security.
In the 21st century, States are not the only entity as a securitizing actor in the macro perspective but also international organizations act as securitizing actors against the possible threat in the securitization process. At this point, the European Union(EU) is one of the entities that we can approach as a securitizing actor thanks to its capabilities on representing the member states and acting as one country in the international order thanks to its legislative organs. Besides, accepting an issue as a threat by the legislative body or a related organ of an association does not only affect one state but affects all member states. This means the maximization of the securitizing process by including more countries to take action against the threat. In this way, the threat can be adopted by not just people of a single state but by all people of the related association. Hereby securitizing actors can take extraordinary precautions to reduce the possible harm.
Today there are many global security problems in the world related to different fields like public health, economy, politics, religion etc. and all states have their national security policies in order to provide security inside their borders. According to the securitization theory, these national security policies of states are not naturally given but carefully designed by politicians. And political issues are constituted by a ‘securitizing actor’ as extremely dangerous, menacing, threatening, and alarming problems to be immediately dealt with.
Feminism is a range of social movements, political movements, and ideologies that aim to define, establish, and achieve the political, economic, personal, and social equality of the sexes.The person who gave the movement its name is the utopian socialist Charles Fourier. He defended that social development is only possible with more freedom for women. The feminist theory which emerged from these movements has spread many fields such as philosophy, economics, international relations etc. The theory focuses on lots of notions including oppression and patriarchy in societies and it wants to find reasons and results of gender inequality.
The term “security” in the dictionary means, the legal order in public life, the state of safety, the state of the people can live without fear. Today, it is still a controversial notion. States, like individuals, try to ensure their psychological and physical security. The concept of security is perceived as military defense, protection of borders, and prevention of internal disturbance in international relations.
Idlib region and its position for Turkey is very important. In order to understand this topic, first, we should learn some terms. To begin with, what is security?
Terrorism is one of the main security epidemics in the international area. Terrorism can appear in different forms and can be actuated by different motivations. The terrorist organizations can be enacted for nationalism, religion, left-right wing problems, and many others. Since religion is a sensitive topic that can easily trigger communities, religiously appeared terrorist groups are one of the dangerous topics of internal and international security.