TERRORIST OR FREEDOM FIGHTER?

The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.

FRENCH FOREIGN LEGIONS

When we look at the relation between French Foreign Legions and the national interests of France abroad from the securitization perspective, we may clearly understand why France established the French Foreign Legion and why does France recruit from different nations and what does France do abroad. The first and basic answer to these questions is security.

EUROPEAN UNION AND SECURITY

In the 21st century, States are not the only entity as a securitizing actor in the macro perspective but also international organizations act as securitizing actors against the possible threat in the securitization process. At this point, the European Union(EU) is one of the entities that we can approach as a securitizing actor thanks to its capabilities on representing the member states and acting as one country in the international order thanks to its legislative organs. Besides, accepting an issue as a threat by the legislative body or a related organ of an association does not only affect one state but affects all member states. This means the maximization of the securitizing process by including more countries to take action against the threat. In this way, the threat can be adopted by not just people of a single state but by all people of the related association. Hereby securitizing actors can take extraordinary precautions to reduce the possible harm.

ENGLISH AS A GLOBAL LANGUAGE

Nowadays, English is the most widely used language across the world. Today, people from different nationalities use English in almost every step of their life during communication. English is used in global commerce, international diplomacy, air traffic control, the majority of academic writings, the internet, and tourism. That is, English is considered as a Lingua Franca by many people and official governments. But why English is the most used language instead of any other languages?

BACK TO THE FUTURE: AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY

Autonomous systems are an integral part of warfare and used for multiple roles during or prior to an operation. An autonomous aerial vehicle is capable of collecting intelligence, surveillance, or reconnaissance. Even opted by non- state actors, UAVs have been presumed to lack the tenacity humans possess. Unreliable as UAVs are said to be, there have hitherto been a variety of trials to make them a platform that can match with humans, reaping the fruits of AI-powered systems in order to lower the burden and risks of using humans in the field.

RACISM AS A DISEASE

Racism has been implemented by people since work systems occurred. Basically, it can be defined as the hatred of one person by another. So, it has been a problem for long decades. Especially in the area of sport, racism is existing for more than the other alternatives. In football, basketball, the Olympics etc. players are exposing lots of bad words from their opposite supporters and also they are exposing favoritism. Racism can be done by considering age, gender, and race. Examples for people who suffered from racism are black people in sports activities, women in work life, poor people in society, and people who come from a low-statue culture in society.

THE PARADOX OF PEACE & SECURITY

Today there are many global security problems in the world related to different fields like public health, economy, politics, religion etc. and all states have their national security policies in order to provide security inside their borders. According to the securitization theory, these national security policies of states are not naturally given but carefully designed by politicians. And political issues are constituted by a ‘securitizing actor’ as extremely dangerous, menacing, threatening, and alarming problems to be immediately dealt with.

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