The Ottoman Empire whose power already declined with the First World War, officially ended in 1922 when the title of the Ottoman Sultan was eliminated. After this, in 1923, Turkey was declared as Republic. With the declaration of the Republic, discussions about whether Turkey is a continuation of the Ottoman Empire or not start to take place.
Turkey has had a stable foreign policy for almost 50 years. It has been one of the most important members of NATO and had close relations with the USA. Even though the governments had different ideological positions, this West-oriented policy was not intended to change by them until the Justice and Development Party. Interestingly, Turkey’s relations with the EU peaked up during the early period of the Justice and Development Party when Turkey was aiming to be a member of the Union, and it was the time that Turkey made very good progress on democratization thanks to the application of the articles of Kopenhagen Agreement.
Turkey is a great consumer of energy as same as the rest of the world with its population greater than 80 million people. Turkey is still a party for multilateral environmental agreements such as CLRTAP, ICCAT, Kyoto Protocol, Madrid Protocol so on and so forth. Last developments upon Turkey’s shut down 6 thermal power plants did not take too many attractions both in domestic and international agencies owing to the hot agendas of Turkey and the Middle East region.
The Bosphorus is one of the busiest maritime passages in the world. With nearly 53,000 vessels passing through in 2017 compared to around 12,000 ships that transited the Panama Canal, and 17,000 for the Suez Canal. Parallel to the Bosphorus strait, the Turkish government is planning to build ‘Canal Istanbul’. Canal Istanbul will connect the Black […]
Brexit is a short word for “British exit” and simply refers to United Kingdom’s decision to leave the European Union. The United Kingdom joined the European Union (as it then was EEC-European Economic Community) in 1973 after having many doubts during the membership process. Actually, the United Kingdom was never truly a part of the European Union.
Turkey’s trouble nowadays is to choose the best option without hurting no one, in order to take under guarantee its nation and soils against to threats which may be run into in the future by allies or non-allies countries.
It may be one of the best TV series that I have ever watched, Chernobyl, was a story of a socialist government which has been choked between the hierarchy of bureaucracy, careless bureaucrats and the scientists who try to survive in the way of science even under high pressure of socialist system’s realities.It pushed me […]
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