The United States of America has been a melting pot for various diaspora communities with diverse ethnicities and cultures. In particular, owing to geographic proximity, many people from different Latin American countries that possess political and economic reasons to leave their homeland have migrated continuously and settled in the United States, their new host state, […]
Russia is a federation with 83 administrative units, consisting of 21 Republics, 9 states, 46 regions, 2 cities with federal status, and 5 autonomous regions, governed by a presidential system, with their own constitutions and legislative and executive organs.
Democracy is a bill of ethics that is based on virtue – Ignacio Ramonet The 97th anniversary of the proclamation of the Turkish Republic has motivated me to type these lines. Since I was a child, I have heard a lot about the republic. So, what do we know about it? What does […]
Historically, the Turkish foreign policy strategy is comprised of two different stages. Before evaluating these stages, there is a need to identify the objective of the newly formed Turkish government in the 1920s. The main objective of the Turkish government was to attain international recognition so as to be accepted as an equal member of […]
Introduction It is clear that our advancement in technology brings something new and unprecedented. Every new invention means a new choice that is offered to us and every new choice brings politics with it. So, politics is in every decision we make and every bit of our lives, starting from your birth certificate to your […]
Turkey, who declared PKK as a terrorist organization, considers PYD as the continuation of PKK in Syria. In other words, they declared PYD as a terrorist organization as well. This situation, however, is not the case for the USA and other Western countries. Since 1970, in each year the US declares their Foreign Terrorist Organizations list, where PKK became part of it in 1989. As for the PYD, the US government didn’t include it on their list and this means that they don’t consider this as a terrorist organization. On the contrary, they are treating them like freedom fighters, proving them military equipment, health aid, and using them as a means for their own goals in Syria.
The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.
The European Parliament is one of the institutions of the European Union which represents the citizens of the member states. As the only directly elected institution within the European Union, the European Parliament has three main powers as legislative power, budgetary power, and supervisory power.
When we look at the relation between French Foreign Legions and the national interests of France abroad from the securitization perspective, we may clearly understand why France established the French Foreign Legion and why does France recruit from different nations and what does France do abroad. The first and basic answer to these questions is security.
In the 21st century, States are not the only entity as a securitizing actor in the macro perspective but also international organizations act as securitizing actors against the possible threat in the securitization process. At this point, the European Union(EU) is one of the entities that we can approach as a securitizing actor thanks to its capabilities on representing the member states and acting as one country in the international order thanks to its legislative organs. Besides, accepting an issue as a threat by the legislative body or a related organ of an association does not only affect one state but affects all member states. This means the maximization of the securitizing process by including more countries to take action against the threat. In this way, the threat can be adopted by not just people of a single state but by all people of the related association. Hereby securitizing actors can take extraordinary precautions to reduce the possible harm.