SAUDI ARABIA – US RELATIONS ON THE AXIS OF THE JAMAL KHASHOGGI CASE

The killing and death pattern of Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which had a substantial regional and global explosion in October 2018, is still seen as an unfortunate case whose impact can always be felt today. The fact that the assassination’s clarification corresponded to a long period also affected the actors’ relations at the same rate. In this context, the USA and Saudi Arabia relations will be analyzed from the perspective of the Khashoggi assassination from the incident’s occurrence to the present.

TERRORIST OR FREEDOM FIGHTER? -2

Turkey, who declared PKK as a terrorist organization, considers PYD as the continuation of PKK in Syria. In other words, they declared PYD as a terrorist organization as well. This situation, however, is not the case for the USA and other Western countries. Since 1970, in each year the US declares their Foreign Terrorist Organizations list, where PKK became part of it in 1989. As for the PYD, the US government didn’t include it on their list and this means that they don’t consider this as a terrorist organization. On the contrary, they are treating them like freedom fighters, proving them military equipment, health aid, and using them as a means for their own goals in Syria.

TERRORIST OR FREEDOM FIGHTER?

The problematic expression of “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter” began to be used both as a justification for regional actors who engage with violent acts and by other states to fulfill their national interests. This expression can be understood better through Turkey’s struggle with terrorism with the example of PKK and YPG while addressing three levels of analysis put forward by Barry Buzan.

BACK TO THE FUTURE: AUTONOMOUS TECHNOLOGY

Autonomous systems are an integral part of warfare and used for multiple roles during or prior to an operation. An autonomous aerial vehicle is capable of collecting intelligence, surveillance, or reconnaissance. Even opted by non- state actors, UAVs have been presumed to lack the tenacity humans possess. Unreliable as UAVs are said to be, there have hitherto been a variety of trials to make them a platform that can match with humans, reaping the fruits of AI-powered systems in order to lower the burden and risks of using humans in the field.

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