DEADLOCK OF AUSTRALIA

 In Australia wildfires, at least 17.9 million acres of Australia have burned, the fires have killed at least 27 people and destroyed almost 2,000 homes. An estimated 1 billion animals  -some of them found nowhere else on Earth- have been lost. There is great concern about the rare animals that could cease to exist from a continent with the world’s highest rate of mammal extinction. Why these fires started and why Australia couldn’t stop it?

Australia is familiar to wildfires but this year’s wildfire was unpredictably huge and intense.  It is happening because of the ‘Climate Change’.  Experts say climate change has worsened the scope and impact of natural disasters like fires and floods — weather conditions are growing more extreme, and for years, the fires have been starting earlier in the season and spreading with greater intensity. Several high-ranking emergency service officials, including the former commissioner of the NSW Fire and Rescue Department, sent letters to Prime Minister Scott Morrison in 2019 warning of the impact of the climate crisis on Australia. [1]They also requested a meeting but it declined by the government of Australia. What is the government of Australia doing for wildfires and climate change except ignoring the red signs and warnings of experts?

In 2015, The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which are the world’s best plan to build a better world for people and our planet by 2030. It adopted by all United Nations Member States. Australia was one of them. Sustainable Developments Goal 13 is ‘Climate Action’. “With rising greenhouse gas emissions, climate change is occurring at rates much faster than anticipated and its effects are clearly felt worldwide.” stated in the Climate Action part. [2]Australia is one of the largest exports of coal, natural gas, uranium. They are one of the world’s biggest per-capita greenhouse gas emitters, and there’s been a long-running debate about the country’s approach to climate change. Australia set a goal for 2030 of making a 26-28% reduction in its emissions compared with 2005 levels. These goals have been criticized for being too low, and last year the United Nations (UN) reported that Australia was not making any progress to achieve the goal. Australia didn’t participate at a UN climate summit in September and they withdraw from an international fund to tackle climate change. Even if they are criticized because of their approach to climate change and about wildfires, the president stated that they are not going to do cuts in the coal industry. There is going to be big damage left by wildfires and consequences because of the ignorance of climate change.


Güzide Gülizar Doğan
Ankara Haci Bayram Veli University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of International Relations.
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